The Tabernacle of the Congregation -
The Tabernacle of the Congregation was a structure built by the children of Israel under the direct supervision of Moses in 1491 BC. The layout of the Tabernacle, its general construction, supplies and materials were specified in the greatest detail to Moses by the Lord at Mount Sinai during the time of the Exodus.
So what exactly is a Tabernacle? A "Tabernacle" according to the Hebrew language simply denotes "a tent", or more appropriately "a place of residence."
Whose "place of residence" are we discussing here? The Tabernacle was known to the children of Israel as the place where God took up residence among His Covenant People. It was frequently referred to as "God's Tent" or "God's House!"
There were three names generally associated with God's place of residence: the Tabernacle of the Congregation, the Tabernacle, and the Sanctuary. The Tabernacle of the Congregation was initially designed to be portable; thus, it was transported by the priests of Levi during Israel's travels through the wilderness. Later on, it would be replaced by Solomon's Temple in the city of Jerusalem (910 BC).
The purpose of this study is two-fold:
• to describe the layout, structure and furnishings of the Tabernacle (God's place of residence).
• to relate these picture objects from the book of Exodus to the Lord Jesus Christ in the New Testament.
The focal point of this study is based on the words of John the Apostle:
"And the Word (Jesus Christ) was made flesh, and dwelt (or as the Greek says "tabernacled") among us, (and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth (John 1:14)."
What is our premise? The Tabernacle served as an early picture, a foreshadow pointing forward to the Lord Jesus Christ. In the book of Exodus, when God dictates to Moses the detailed design of the Tabernacle (some 1490 years before the actual birth of Jesus Christ), He is actually providing us with a series of pictures, or clues of just who and what the coming Messiah (or "Christ") would be.
Please use your mouse to click on the picture items listed below. This will allow you to check out for yourself just how each item in the Tabernacle structure points to, and even represents in type the Lord Jesus Christ.
Why not start by looking at the Fence of the Outer Court surrounding the Tabernacle?
Plan View of the Tabernacle Structure